3 1/2 TO 4 1/2 YEARS 

The indicators in each of these eight content areas have been developed by the National Association for the Education of Young Children and are listed in developmentally appropriate order as well. These skills build upon those outlined for the previous classroom(s). 


Listening and Understanding

  • Follows Directions

  • Understands more complex vocabulary and displays listening comprehension 


Speaking and Communicating

  • Expresses ideas and responds to questions with complete sentences and more complex vocabulary



Phonemic Awareness

  • Matches sounds and rhymes in familiar activities

  • Shows awareness of beginning sounds in words

  • Shows awareness that words can begin with the same sound

  • Identifies word parts (syllables) in words

Book Knowledge/Print Awareness

  • Shows the ability to retell, dictate, and predict story outcomes

  • Recognizes environmental print and other forms of print 


Early Writing

  • Represents stories and experiences through pictures and dictation

  • Progresses from scribbles to using letter-like symbols

Alphabet Knowledge

  • Recognizes the beginning letters in familiar words

  • Identifies at least 10 letters of the alphabet

  • Begins to associate letters with sound 


Geometric, Spatial Sense and Numbers

  • Classifies and sorts by attributes

  • Creates patterns by extending and

  • comparing

  • Shows 1-1 correspondence and
    recognizes the “manyness” of sets

  • Understands ordering

  • Demonstrates understanding and

  • recognition of numerals 0-9

  • Recognizes and manipulates basic

  • shapes

  • Understands the concept of measurement 

Social Emotional


Self Concept and Self Control

  • Displays confidence and independence in a school setting

  • Expresses feelings and is aware of how actions affect self and others

  • Follows rules and uses materials purposefully in cooperative play


Cooperation and Social Relationships

  • Interacts appropriately with others by helping, sharing, discussing and developing friendships

  • Demonstrates give-and-take interactions and is able to negotiate conflict 

Knowledge of Families

  • Shows respect and understanding of individual differences and similarities

  • Shows awareness of individual family composition

  • Demonstrates awareness of community helpers and environment

Creative Arts

Music and Movement

  • Demonstrates feelings through music and movement

  • Recognizes and moves to different musical beats


  • Plans and works independently through the process of art activities

  • Verbally expresses ideas about art and completed projects 

Dramatic Play 

  • Participates in dramatic play by using materials to create different roles and situations

Emergent Approaches to Learning


Initiative, Curiosity and Engagement

  • Maintains concentration and interest despite distraction

  • Exhibits problem-solving skills and accepts a variety of answers

  • Exhibits an organized approach to tasks and works collaboratively with others 



Scientific Skills, Methods, & Knowledge

  • Shows awareness of the natural world and living things

  • Recognizes cause and effect and can predict outcomes 


Physical Health & Safety


Motor Skills

  • Demonstrates balance and control during locomotor movements

  • Uses large muscles to manipulate objects


Health and Safety

  • Demonstrates independence in hygiene and nutrition

  • Understands basic health and safety rules

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